I’ve made two videos showing simulations of colliding galaxies and I posted them recently on YouTube. I’ve used the Universe Sandbox program for these simulations.
Although not completely accurate , the simulations in Universe Sandbox give good representations of the physical effects of gravity on objects and bodies in the universe.
There has been scientific estimations that the Milky Way and Andromeda galaxies will collide in about 4.5 billion years.
The first video is a simulation of three galaxies colliding : The Milky Way , Andromeda and NGC 55 ( or a hypothetical galaxy with the same characteristics as NGC55).
The first two are part of the Local Group of galaxies , and NGC55 is very close to the Local Group.The collisions take place over millions of years and have been shortened in the video to about 2 minutes and 15 seconds.
You can click to view the video in HD and in full screen mode .
The second video is a simulation of the collision of 4 galaxies: The Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC) ,The Small Magellanic Cloud (SMC), The Milky Way and Andromeda. The LMC and SMC are the smaller galaxies to the left.
All four galaxies belong to the Local Group of galaxies.
Sometimes I made the colors of the galaxies and bodies change , based on the changes of their velocities and accelerations. The normal color mode represents the realistic colors of the galaxies.
The LMC has a mass equivalent to about 10 billion times the mass of the Sun , and the SMC a total mass of approximately 7 billion times the mass of the Sun.
Mainly because they have smaller masses, the LMC and the SMC seem to be absorbed by the Milky Way and Andromeda during the collision and after the galaxies get mixed up together . As a matter of fact , the Milky Way is considered to be currently absorbing smaller galaxies such as the Canis Major Dwarf Galaxy, and possibly the Magellanic Clouds in what is called a galaxy merger.
Click on the Full Screen button to view the simulation in HD and in full screen mode.