Playing with dice and tossing coins

I’m presenting here introductory remarks and thoughts about the scientific study of the movements of dice and coins and about some recent experiments .










When a coin is tossed it is usually said that the probability of a head or tail turning up is (1/2) , and when dice are thrown the probability that a certain face of a die with its
corresponding number turning up is (1/6) .The motions of dice and coins are complex and many variables , physical factors and physical conditions are to be considered and
therefore probabilities have been used as a simpler way to describe the outcome of tossing or throwing them.But more precise and exact scientific methods could also be
A large number of experiments could be made in a controlled or laboratory environment by tossing or throwing coins and dice and using high precision and high speed cameras to
film and photograph their motion , record it and show the motions or trajectories in slow motion.Data could be recorded on high speed computers and computer graphics and
simulations can be helpful in this study.The physical conditions could be changed,such as the form ,shape ,volume and constitution of dice and coins , the type of surface that the
dice or coins fall upon , etc.  Continue reading